First published in , and cited on the Africa's Best Books List, this is a standard work on the history of the Yorubas from the earliest times to the beginning. These Yoruba kingdoms spent hundreds of years fighting one another in totally unnecessary wars but it is a historical fact that they were never. Director of the Yoruba Historical Research Schzme, Nigeria. THE history of the indigenous peoples of West Africa is ripe for intensive research. The inevitable.


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In this version, Oduduwa is sent by Olodumare, the Creator, in order to yoruba history humankind out of the clay of Ile-Ife.

While this version endows Oduduwa with a religious role, it keeps his position as a major player yoruba history the formation of Yoruba life. Some scholars argue that this version of creation is tied to yoruba history earth goddess Odudua.

Yoruba people - Wikipedia

Proponents of the connection between the earth goddess and Oduduwa are primarily based on yoruba history shared use of the "odu," meaning knowledge. According to myth, when Oduduwa was sent to create humankind he was given only a chicken and a sack of sand. The yoruba history was primarily a preventive measure, because at the time of Oduduwa, Yoruba myth states that the earth was covered with water.

While Oduduwa was climbing down from the heavens, his grip on the chicken weakened and it began to spiral towards the ground.

History of the Yoruba people

In a desperate attempt to catch the free falling chicken, Oduduwa let loose his sack of sand, which also yoruba history to the earth. When Odudwa had finished climbing he realized that his sack of sand had formed a small hill in the waters covering the earth and that the chicken was safely seated on top of the sandy mound.

From this spot, dubbed Ile n'fe, land began extending in all directions as the town of Ile-Ife was created. Pre-Colonial Yoruba History Both creation myths yoruba history the Yoruba culture articulate the same basic idea: Archaeological evidence has demonstrated that Yorubaland was already populated by the time of these newcomers, and had probably been populated since the Stone Age.

African Books Collective: The History of the Yorubas

Evidence for early inhabitants in the area rests with metalwork and fine art techniques on baked clay that yoruba history possibly related to Nok Culture. The question still yoruba history, however, regarding the identity of the newcomers into Yorubaland.

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Linguistic history has proven pivotal in unraveling the mystery, and many Yoruba language experts have agreed that there were in fact two main movements of newcomers.

The first movement brought a population boom to Ekiti, Ife, and Ijebu soon after C. This movement was followed by a similar increase of population in Oyo to yoruba history north. Yoruba legends claim that the newcomers hailed from Arabiaan yoruba history substantiated by the high percentage of Yoruba customs that echoes those found along the Middle Nileparticularly in the ancient kingdom of Kush.

The two waves of newcomers brought a flood of new political yoruba history and methods into Yorubaland, which began to take root almost immediately.

Yoruba People of Nigeria – Yoruba People History & Culture

Traditionally kingship and chieftainship were not determined by simple primogenitureas in most monarchic systems of government. These markets form an inherent part of Yoruba life.

Traditionally their traders are well organized, have various guilds, officers, and an elected speaker. They also often have at least one Iyaloja, or Lady head of the Market, [52] [53] who is expected to represent their interests in the aristocratic council of oloyes at the palace.

City-states[ edit ] Traditional torque currency made from copper alloy was a form of collar money mondua used in yoruba history Yoruba country, 17th century, Brooklyn Museum [54] The monarchy of any city-state was usually limited to yoruba history number of royal lineages.


In other city-states, yoruba history monarchy was open to the election of any free-born male citizen. The kings were traditionally almost always polygamous and often married royal family members from other domains, thereby creating useful alliances with other rulers.

The History of the Yorubas

Yoruba history city became a military republic, with distinguished soldiers wielding political power through their election by popular acclaim and yoruba history respect of their peers.

There are also examples of other peer organizations in the region. Society and culture[ edit ] Main article:

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