Confused by the bizarre names that astronomers have given the stars? Here's where star names come from and what they mean. Book digitized by Google and uploaded to the Internet Archive by user tpb. "Partial list of authors, authorities, and books of reference cited in. This is a list of proper names of stars. These are the names of stars that have either been approved by the International Astronomical Union (its Working Group on Star Names has Star Names: Their Lore and Meaning (Reprint ed.). New York  ‎IAU Catalog · ‎List · ‎References.


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Star Names

But new variable stars kept getting discovered! Even these designations proved insufficient for the variables in some crowded constellations.

Rather than start an even more awkward three-letter system, astronomers ruled that further variables in a constellation would simply be designated V, V, and so on forever. It was a wise move. By the highest numbered variable was V Sagittarii.


Cannon compiled in the s at Harvard College Observatory. It includesstars numbered in simple order of right ascension.

Star Names: Where Do They Come From and What Do They Mean?

Meanwhile another catalog had been issued at Harvard: Stars in this catalog bear HR numbers. Even now the HR list remains the basis of the modern Yale Bright Star Catalogue, which remains widely used for its detailed information about naked-eye stars.


Another star-numbering system used today is the SAO designation. This refers to the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalogwhich also was produced with companion star charts on Harvard's campus. This catalog gives very accurate positions forstars down to about 9th magnitude, though coverage is spotty for the star names and their meanings ones.

They cover the entire celestial sphere.

Constellation Names | Constellation Guide

The GSC lists positions generally good to star names and their meanings 1 arcsecond and magnitudes accurate to a few tenths for 18, objects. The GSC's brightest entries are 9th magnitude brighter stars couldn't be used by Hubble's guiding cameras ; the star names and their meanings are typically about 13th or 14th magnitude, sometimes 15th.

Of this total, 15, are listed as being stars; most of the remaining 3. Most have never been examined by human eyes; machines measured their properties off of photographic plates.

A typical individual in this list is GSCa The first four digits specify one of 9, small regions of the sky; the last four give the object's serial number within this region.

Star Names and Their Meanings by Richard Hinckley Allen

TYC and especially HIP stars had their positions, magnitudes, distances, and motions measured to high accuracy by the European Space Agency's epoch-making Hipparcos satellite in the s.

Centauri Centaurus constellation represents the half-man, half-horse hybrid creature from Greek mythology. It is usually star names and their meanings with Chiron, the wise centaur who mentored Heracles, Theseus, Achilles, Jason, and other famous Greek heroes.

Cephei Cepheus constellation represents King Cepheus of Aethiopia a region that contained parts of present-day Egypt, Jordan and Israelhusband of Cassiopeia and father of Andromeda. Chamaeleontis Chamaeleon constellation was created by Dutch explorers in the 16th century.

List of proper names of stars

It was named after the chameleon, a type of lizard that can change colour to match the environment. Circini Circinus is one of the constellations created by Nicolas Louis de Lacaille in the 18th century. He named it after the drafting tool used for drawing circles.

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